In Europe, over 80% of goods are carried by commercial vehicles. Over the past 20 years, considerable progress has been made in reducing their environmental impact and making them safer. A fact which is all too often ignored. Renault Trucks has contributed to this change by developing high-performance vehicles that are safer, and pollute less and less. This commitment will be clearly demonstrated by the Premium Distribution Hybrys Tech and electrically powered Maxity on show at the Sustainable Transport and Mobility Fair.
Fully aware of the impact made by trucks on the environment, Renault Trucks is constantly seeking and developing alternative solutions to all-diesel power, in areas where it is genuinely possible. This has resulted in a choice of vehicles powered by electricity or gas, experiments with hybrid technology currently underway in the Greater Lyon Authority area and in Belgium, as well as trucks which consume less and less and also emit significantly lower levels of greenhouse effect gases and pollutants.
Renault Trucks is showing two vehicles during the Sustainable Transport and Mobility Fair on 17 October at Place Bellecour, Lyon (France).
Renault Premium Distribution Hybrys Tech: the hybrid domestic refuse collection truck
People living in the Lyon conurbation will be able to breathe more easily: via a partnership between Renault Trucks, the Greater Lyon Authority and SITA (Suez Environment), the first refuse collection vehicle (RCV) equipped with a Renault Trucks hybrid engine has been collecting domestic refuse in this area since January 2009. The purpose of this mission is to confirm, under actual operating conditions, that the Renault Premium Distribution Hybrys Tech can reduce consumption and CO2 emissions by up to 20%.
This hybrid refuse collection vehicle is fitted with a conventional internal combustion engine and an electric motor. The motor is powered by a battery which charges during the vehicle's braking and deceleration phases. The electricity stored in this way then powers the electric motor which starts the vehicle, supplies its electrical functions and propels it until a speed of around 20 km/h is reached. This means that the diesel engine is only used during phases where it consumes the least, i.e., when travelling at more than 20 km/h. Apart from reducing emissions, hybrid technology also appreciably reduces noise due to the quieter electric motor.
Hybrid technology proves to be perfectly adapted to early morning or even night-time urban applications, which are constantly alternating between phases of acceleration and deceleration. Apart from the hybrid refuse collection vehicle, two other Renault Premium Distribution Hybrys Tech vehicles were delivered in September for two widely different applications, namely supplying building sites in built-up areas and urban distribution.
The all-electric Renault Maxity - a zero emission commercial vehicle
Renault Trucks is developing, in partnership with PVI, an electrical commercial vehicle based on a Renault Maxity to meet with the dimensional and environmental challenges which can sometimes be very acute in European town centres. Renault Trucks' aim is to put an electrical vehicle on the market in the near future which can be driven with a B driving licence, having a sufficiently high payload (1.5 t) for this type of high growth potential application.
The advantage of the vehicle is the total lack of atmospheric pollutants and CO2 emissions, as well as the virtual elimination of noise, allowing it to be operated at night-time and in Low Emission Zones. This enables it to retain all its intrinsic qualities (mobility, easy body mounting, etc.), while at the same time significantly improving its environmental credentials.
This vehicle can reach a speed of 65 km/h, with a power rating equivalent to 70 hp. Optimising the electric motor, as well as recovering retardation energy to recharge the batteries, gives the vehicle an operating range of almost 100 km.
Trucks carry the world
The facts speak for themselves: 80% of all goods in Europe are carried by commercial vehicles. An average of 101 kg of goods is transported every day for every person living in France. 89 kg of this is carried by trucks. This shows the importance of road haulage in the modern economy and the services it provides to everyone on a daily basis. Without road transport, there could be no economic development or prosperity.
In terms of the environment, the European standards which came into force in 1990 require truck manufacturers to regularly reduce levels of atmospheric pollutants emitted by their engines. Between that date and 2013, overall emissions will have dropped by 80%. Furthermore, on a worldwide scale, 5% of all carbon dioxide emissions are generated by commercial vehicles (in contrast with the 14% generated by cars in France). The road haulage industry is constantly seeking ways of reducing its fuel consumption. Renault Trucks is making a major contribution to achieving these goals.